Steel Foundry And Its Usage

Steel Foundry And Its Usage

Whenever cast irons cannot deliver enough strength, factories start to use steel casting. In most cases, we use it for products such as forging presses, frames, hydroelectric turbine wheels or marine equipment and so on. There are two types of steel casting.

Alloy steels

In this case, we alloyed steel with a variety of elements. The maximum is 50% to improve its mechanical properties. Here we also have two groups, one is high alloy steels, and the other is low-alloy steels. One of the simplest steel is iron alloyed with carbon. And we have to mention that not all the steels are “alloyed steels.” The most common ones are full of nickel, boron, vanadium, chromium and others.

Carbon steels

Here the main alloying constituent is carbon as you can conclude in its name. To determine steel as carbon steel, there shouldn’t be minimum content specified for zirconium, niobium, nickel or cobalt. Therefore, there shouldn’t be more than 1.65 of manganese or 0.60 of copper and similar. The higher percentage of carbon it is, the stronger and harder steel becomes through heat treating.

Steel vs. Iron

It is very important t know that the steel is more difficult to cast than iron. SO different procedure you should apply on these two types of metal. A lot of produces also pay attention to the thickness of the mold cavity, due to a different rate of shrinkage. According to their density, we should mention that iron is more fluid than steel. Depending on your needs we choose the type of steel we are going to use for your product.

Use of steel in automotive

In car industry factories often use these processes, due to their possibility to create stronger parts. Still, do not neglect others parts of the metal industry. Nowadays, we apply it for truck [arts, offshore safety equipment, water system valves, military casting, bridge parts, railroad parts, construction equipment and oil and gas steel casting. Its application is huge, and we couldn’t imagine a modern metal industry without it.

There are a lot of companies that are applying these methods, and they are improving their work every day. They are in a constant research of the market so they can adapt their process to their customer’s needs. They want to improve their work and to make progress in every possible way. Its application is different than aluminum. We use it for bigger and stronger parts in works where strength is highly important. On the other hand, we use aluminum casting for fine products. That is the main differences between aluminum and steel casting.

Advantages Of Aluminum Casting

Advantages Of Aluminum Casting

As one of the least expensive and simplest ways of casting is aluminum casting. This process is used in forming of a wide variety of products. You probably heard about them, but you didn’t know which method people used to build them. Washington Monument is one of these products.

Types of aluminum casting

Permanent mold casting.
Molds and Cores of any metal are a common part of this process. Sometimes it goes with a vacuum. This casting is usually stronger than die or sand one.

Sand casting

This process starts with a pattern, and it is one of the most versatile methods. According to this casting, any pattern can be pressed and turned into a fine sand mixture. When we manage to create the mold, we poured the aluminum. During the process of cooling and solidification aluminum shrinks. This process is not so fast, but it is certainly one of the most economical.

Die casting

One of the most efficient and fastest methods is died to cast. We use pressure to form aluminum. Although is more expensive than others we normally use it for high-volume production. It is worth of every dime, due to its efficiency.

Interesting facts about casting

Every casting includes a part-removal design

For each stage of the process, there is a specially designed mold, on the surface of the perpendicular we need to use a slight taper to remove the pattern from the mold easily. Usage of casting at its very first beginning.

Looking for the best, we noticed that people start to use casting very early. They recognized its value and the possibility to develop. In that period casting aluminum products were very decorative and they were representing something new and unique.

Nowadays, its application is enormous. Whatever you can imagine or think about is made by aluminum casting. Not to mention its widespread use in the automotive industry. We use it also for home products, especially for the kitchen. Almost every of cookware is the product of this method. We use it more and more, and modern factories like to combine it with the traditional methods. That is the beauty of this process. You can improve it and still use your traditional methods. There is no better method than the one that is a result of communication between old and new.